Design(Architecture Art) History essays
Remember: This is a test rather than a research paper, and while reading the chapters in the textbook on ancient Greece and Rome are important, you should read them looking for further explanation of the particular ideas we have been discussing in class – read with that as your focus or ‘filter’.
Also: I have laid out all of the key issues in some form in the handouts given to you in class, so merely mentioning ideas must not be enough: show that you understand ALL of the key ideas and information supporting those ideas by explaining key links between them, in your own words.
Please observe the same format requirements as on previous essay tests (smallish font, single spaced, one sheet).
1. Compare the Athenian Parthenon with the Roman Pantheon. How are they similar and/or different in form, function, image and meaning? What does each tell us about the society that created it, going back to environment and geography and their influence on the two cultures, and then to the concerns and attitudes of the two civilizations and how these were expressed in specific design characteristics, from form to content. Use the two buildings as examples or illustrations of the key themes and concepts we outlined for classical Greece and Rome – including classicism itself (what is classicism and how is it seen here in these works?). What do these two works tell us about the two civilizations, their approach to life and to design, and how, very specifically, do they tell us these things?
2. Compare the Theater at Epidauros to the Roman Colosseum. Again, each illustrates especially well some things about the culture that produced it, their attitudes and concerns, and how design expresses these. Be sure to address what the reading (Reading 6, “GrRead1n2”)) said about Greeks and theater/drama; and which classical order the Colosseum employs and what that tells us about Roman classicism.
3. Briefly discuss the commercial Greek amphora we talked about (looked at, and risked dropping) in class, and what it tells us about ancient Greek life and culture; then compare the Roman Pont du Gard aquaduct to it as far as what it says (in a parallel way) about Roman life and culture. Be as specific and as complete as possible.